The American education system offers a rich field of choices for international students. There is such an array of schools, programs
How Does the American School System Work
The American education system has varied structures which are set at state level. For most children, compulsory schooling starts at around the age of five to six, and runs for 12 consecutive years. Education is mandatory to the age of at least 16 in all states, with some requiring students to stay in a formal education setting to 18.
Usually pre-school, known as pre-K or pre-kindergarten, is offered for children aged from around three to five years old. Kindergarten is the first year of compulsory education, which is typically taken at the age of five or six. Education then runs for 12 years, either following an elementary, middle, high school structure or splitting into elementary, junior and senior high.
Types of U.S. higher education
- STATE COLLEGE OR UNIVERSITY
A state school is upheld and kept running by a state or neighborhood government. Every one of the 50 U.S. states works no less than one state college and potentially a few state universities. A considerable lot of these state funded colleges schools have the name of the state, or the genuine word “State” in their names: for instance, Washington State University and the University of Michigan.
- PRIVATE COLLEGE OR UNIVERSITY
These schools are secretly kept running rather than being controlled by a part of the legislature. Educational cost will ordinarily be higher than state schools. Regularly, private U.S. colleges and universities are littler in size than state schools.
Religiously subsidiary colleges and universities are tuition based schools. About every one of these schools welcome understudies everything being equal and convictions. However, there are a level of schools that want to concede understudies who hold comparable religious convictions as those in which the school was established.
- COMMUNITY COLLEGE
Community colleges are two-year colleges that award an associate’s degrees (transferable), as well as certifications. There are many types of associate degrees, but the most important distinguishing factor is whether or not the degree is transferable. Usually, there will be two primary degree tracks: one for academic transfer and the other prepares students to enter the workforce straightaway. University transfer degrees are generally associate of arts or associate of science. Not likely to be transferrable are the associate of applied science degrees and certificates of completion.
- INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY
An institute of technology is a school that provides at least four years of study in science and technology. Some have graduate programs, while others offer short-term courses.
Structure of Education in USA
American Education System Problems
Here are some facts you may find alarming: according to data collected by the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA), the performance of American students as compared to their international equivalents is mediocre at best. PISA is an international study that evaluates education systems worldwide every three years. This involves testing the skills and knowledge of 15-year-old students in more than 70 participating countries/economies.